The soul of occupational health is prevention; its functions are to protect and promote the health of people at workplace. The key words here are Prevention, Health and Workforce(people at workplace). Let us understand the definition so that we don't have confused understanding.
According to WHO, HEALTH is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being AND not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is multidimensional. In this definition, WHO focuses on 3 specific dimensions of health namely Physical, Mental and Social.
However, in this posting I would like to add another dimension called spiritual to this definition. So now, our definition of health is " a state of complete Physical, Mental, Spiritual and Social well being". In this new definition, it is better to differentiate between mental health and spiritual health.
Mental health is a state of emotional and psychological well being in which an individual is able to use his or her cognitive and emotional capabilities to function in the society and meet ordinary demands of everyday life.
Spiritual health on the other hand is individual ability to differentiate between Right or Wrong and resolve to lead a more righteous life, free of stratagems, deception, dishonesty and selfishness.
To perceive health as a state at all is too idealistic. However, it is the ideal goal that everyone should achieve. In real fact, health is a process of continous adjustment to the changing demands of life.
.......next posting : Understand Prevention...stay tune